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Genital warts can often be diagnosed simply by their appearance. However, in some cases a biopsy might be necessary in order to confirm the diagnosis.
It’s important for women to have regular pelvic exams and Pap tests, which can help detect vaginal and cervical changes caused by genital warts or early signs of cervical cancer.
During a Pap test, your doctor uses a speculum to hold open your and see the passage between your and uterus (cervix). They will then use a long-handled tool to collect a small sample of cells from the cervix. The cells are examined for abnormalities with a microscope.
The HPV strains that have been linked to cervical cancer are quite rare. A sample of cervical cells can be taken during a Pap test in order to test for these cancer-causing HPV strains. However, this test is not as useful for younger women because HPV usually goes away without any treatment for them. Usually, this test is reserved for women who are age 30 or older.
If your warts aren’t causing any discomfort, you might not need treatment. But if you’re experiencing itching, burning, and pain, or if you’re concerned about the infection spreading, your doctor can help you clear an outbreak with Best Genital warts treatment.
However, it’s common for warts to return after treatment since there is no cure for the virus itself.
genital wart treatments that can be applied directly to your skin include:
Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara). This cream works by boosting your immune system’s ability to fight genital warts. You should avoid sexual contact while the cream is on your skin as it could weaken condoms and diaphragms, and irritate your partner’s skin.
One possible side effect of using this cream is skin redness. Other side effects might include blisters, body aches or pain, a cough, rashes, and fatigue.
Podophyllin and podofilox (Condylox) are two treatments for genital warts. Podophyllin is a plant-based resin that destroys the tissue of the warts. Your doctor applies this solution. Podofilox contains the same active compound, but you can apply it at home.
Podofilox should never be applied internally. Additionally, this medication isn’t recommended for use during pregnancy since side effects can include mild skin irritation, sores or pain.\
Trichloroacetic acid is a chemical treatment for genital warts that is applied directly to the warts. It works by burning off the warts and can be used for internal and external warts. However, side effects can include mild skin irritation, sores, or pain.
Sinecatechins (Veregen) is another cream for the treatment of external genital warts. It is also effective for warts in or around the **** canal. However, side effects, such as reddening of the skin, itching or burning, and pain, are often mild.
If you have larger warts, warts that don’t respond to medication, or warts that could potentially expose your baby to them during delivery, you might need surgery to remove them. Some surgical options for wart removal include freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy) or laser surgery. Freezing works by causing a blister to form around your wart. As your skin heals, the lesions slough off, allowing new skin to appear. You might need to repeat the treatment. The main side effects include pain and swelling. With laser surgery, a beam of light is targeted at the wart, which causes it to eventually fall off. The main side effect of this type of surgery is scarring.
If you’re looking to get rid of warts, there are a few medical procedures you might want to consider. First, there’s electrocautery, which uses an electrical current to burn off warts. You might experience some pain and swelling after the procedure, but it’s generally fairly effective.
Another option is surgical excision, whereby your doctor uses special tools to cut off warts. This will require either local or general anesthesia, and you might have some pain afterward.
Finally, there’s laser treatment, which uses an intense beam of light to destroy warts. This can be expensive, and is usually reserved for extensive or difficult-to-treat cases. Side effects can include scarring and pain.